Monday, 20 June 2011

Mahatma Gandhi - Father of Nation

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the full name of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi is also known as the Father of Nation. He is very popular person in Indian History. Due to Mahatma Gandhi's undefeated contribution, we have got Independence. He always used a weapon Ahimsa(Nonviolence) against British Government. Mahatma Gandhi did Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movement against British Government for India Freedom.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

  • Full Name:-               Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Date Of Birth:-           2 October, 1869
  • Place of Birth:-          Porbandar(India)
  • Education:-                Law from University College London
  • Father's Name:-         Karamchand Gandhi
  • Mother's Name:-        Putlibai Gandhi
  • Father's Profession:-  Diwan Of Porbandar State
  • Wife's Name:-            Kasturba Gandhi
  • Children:-                  Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas                    
  • Date Of Death:-         30 January, 1948
  • Popular Names:-       Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu

Mahatma Gandhi known as the father of Nation. He played very important role in Indian Freedom. He was always ready to help needy persons. He did also great work outside of India like in South Africa. We lost this great person on 30 January, 1948. 

Early Life And Education:-

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October, 1869 in Porbandar (India). His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan of Porbandar State India. His mother Putlibai related to Hindu Pranami Vaishnava Community, was fourth wife of Karamchand. Due to his mother Putlibai devotee nature, Mahatma Gandhi was affected with it. In his childhood, he was so much attracted with the characters of Shravana and Harischandra

BA with BAPU

At the early age of 13, he was married to 14 years old Kashturba Makhanji in 1883Mahatam Gandhi had got 4 sons- Harilal born in 1888, Manilal born in 1892, Ramdas born in 1897 and Devdas born in 1900.

He completed his middle school at  Porbandar and High School at RajkotHe passed the matriculation Exam for Samaldas College at Bhavnagar, GujaratHe passed Law Exam from University College London

Mahatma Gandhi at South Africa:-

Mahatma Gandhi went South Africa in 1893 at the early age of 24. He faced the discrimination commonly directed at black South Africans and Indians. One day the magistrate asked him to remove his turban in court. He was thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg in the Transvaal, after refusing to move from the first class to a third class coach while holding a valid first class ticket. 

He faced many different injustice situation there. After seeing injustice racism against Indians in South Africa, He decided to remove these injustice things. Mahatma Gandhi started Satyagraha there first time. Due to this Satyagraha, South African Government had to compromise with Mahatma Gandhi. 

Contribution in Indian Independence:-

After doing the great work in South Africa Mahatma Gandhi returned India in 1915. Gandhi ji played very important role in World War I by doing volunteer work for helping injured person. Mahatma Gandhi did Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha, Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movement against British Government for India Freedom.

Champaran And Kheda Satyagraha:-

Mahatma Gandhi started Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha in Champaran district of Bihar and the  Kheda districts of Gujarat between 1918 and 1919. In Champaran district the poor farmers were forced to grow Indigo instead of food crops. The condition of farmers in Champaran was becoming unlivable due to problem of food and money. Therefore The Champaran Satyagraha was started by Gandhi.
In Kheda the problem was same like Champaran. Gandhi Ji started Satyagraha - non violence and mass civil disobedience. Gandhi Ji established an Ashram in Champaran, He arranged a detailed study and survey of the villagers. He worked for building confidence of villagers, He worked for cleaning the villages and building of Hospitals and schools in the villages. During this Gandhi Ji was addressed as Bapu and Mahatma by the people.

Non Corporation Movement:-

This Non Corporation Movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi from 1920 to 1922. Gandhi Ji used non- violence and peaceful resistance as his weapons against the British empire for India Freedom. In this Non Corporation Movement, the main thing was that people had to resist British Occupation of India through non- violent ways. People had to refuse to buy British things, goods and had to use Indian things. This movement became so much popular on that time. Due to this movement, The British had seen the strength of Ahinsa in India.  

Salt Satyagraha(Dandi March):-

Salt Satyagraha was started by Mahatma Gandhi with Dandi March on 12 March, 1930. This Salt Satyagraha is very important part of Indian Independence Movement. Gandhi Ji started the Dandi March from his Sabarmati Ashram Ahmedabad to the village of Dandi. Gandhi Ji covered 390 km long distance in 24 days. Gandhi Ji broke the British salt laws then he was joined by a large amount of Indians for the act of civil disobedience against British Raj.

Quit India Movement:-

Quit India Movement is also known as Bharat Chhoro Andolan or August Kranti or August Movement. It was a civil disobedience movement started in India in the month of August, 1942 by Mahatma Gandhi's call for immediate Independence. On that time Gandhi Ji gave non- violent moral support to British in World War II. The Quit India Movement had got success in its objective. At the end of  World War II, British had been ready to give power in Indian Hands. So we can say that the effort of Gandhi Ji gave a well good result.

India got Independence in 1947. After Independence, He tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict, a policy which led to his death in Delhi by Nathuram Godse in 30 January, 1948. We lost our Father of Nation on that day but He will be always alive in the heart of every Indian People.

Some Mahatma Gandhi Quotes:-

  • Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.
  • An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.
  • The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
  • Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.
  • It is unwise to be too sure of one's own wisdom. It is healthy to be reminded that the strongest might weaken and the wisest might err.
  • My life is my message.
  • Where there is love there is life.
  • Where love is, there God is also. 
  • A man is but the product of his thoughts what he thinks, he becomes. 
  • A man who was completely innocent, offered himself as a sacrifice for the good of others, including his enemies, and became the ransom of the world. It was a perfect act. 
  • A nation's culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of its people.
  • All compromise is based on give and take, but there can be no give and take on fundamentals. Any compromise on mere fundamentals is a surrender. For it is all give and no take. 
  • Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding. 
  • Everyone who wills can hear the inner voice. It is within everyone. 
  • Faith... must be enforced by reason... when faith becomes blind it dies.
  • Fear has its use but cowardice has none. 
  • Freedom is never dear at any price. It is the breath of life. What would a man not pay for living? 
  • Gentleness, self-sacrifice and generosity are the exclusive possession of no one race or religion.
  • I am prepared to die, but there is no cause for which I am prepared to kill. 
  • I believe in equality for everyone, except reporters and photographers. 
  • I believe that a man is the strongest soldier for daring to die unarmed.
  • I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ.
  • It is better to be violent, if there is violence in our hearts, than to put on the cloak of nonviolence to cover impotence. 
  • It is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver. 
  • Justice that love gives is a surrender, justice that law gives is a punishment. 
  • Let us all be brave enough to die the death of a martyr, but let no one lust for martyrdom.
  • Man can never be a woman's equal in the spirit of selfless service with which nature has endowed her. 
  • No culture can live if it attempts to be exclusive. 
  • Nobody can hurt me without my permission. 
  • Non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good. 
  • Non-violence is not a garment to be put on and off at will. Its seat is in the heart, and it must be an inseparable part of our being. 
  • Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man. 
  • Peace is its own reward. 
  • Poverty is the worst form of violence. 
  • Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent then the one derived from fear of punishment. 
  • Prayer is a confession of one's own unworthiness and weakness. 
  • Religion is a matter of the heart. No physical inconvenience can warrant abandonment of one's own religion. 
  • Satisfaction lies in the effort, not in the attainment, full effort is full victory. 
  • Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will. 
  • The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most of the world's problem. 
  • The main purpose of life is to live rightly, think rightly, act rightly. The soul must languish when we give all our thought to the body.
  • There is a higher court than courts of justice and that is the court of conscience. It supercedes all other courts. 
  • There is more to life than increasing its speed. 
  • Those who know how to think need no teachers. 
  • What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty or democracy? 
  • What do I think of Western civilization? I think it would be a very good idea. 
  • When I admire the wonders of a sunset or the beauty of the moon, my soul expands in the worship of the creator. 
  • You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind. 
  • You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty. 

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